Tag: Exterior Gateway Protocol

The Internet Protocol: Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) Overview

Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is an exterior gateway protocol used on the internet and ISPs to exchange routing and reachability information. BGP is a layer 4 path vector routing protocol that uses port 179. It is the only EGP that is still in use today. The current BGP version is BGPv4 which was published as RFC 4271 in 2006.

Unlike other IGPs (OSPF, EIGRP, or RIP), BGP has many metrics or attributes in choosing the best path in the network. These attributes are for path manipulation. We will check it one by one as those attributes influence either inbound or outbound traffic.

Difference Between Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) and Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP)?

When I first heard about Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP) and Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP), I was just like, “what on bits and bytes are these?” If you are new to networks and you suddenly heard these on your first day, you might ignore the meaning and also the importance. However, you don’t have to memorize the meaning because you will know it by heart as days go by. (more…)